Hard water

Hard water is a problem for many Poles (often referred to as a stone in the water). It manifests itself through deposits on fittings, stains on the shower cabin or unsightly deposits in coffee and tea. From the chemical point of view, calcium and magnesium compounds are responsible for water hardness. In Poland, we have a very high water hardness standard. Most of the voivodships have medium-hard and very hard water. That's why so many people soften it.

Kamień kotłowy
Mapa twardości wody w Polsce

Water hardness map in Poland

The attached map of water hardness in Poland gives an image of the distribution of water hardness in our country. It shows that water hardness varies greatly from region to region.

For example, water in northern and central Poland is usually harder than in the south of the country. Wielkopolska and Mazowsze are regions that suffer from high water hardness. On the other hand, in mountainous regions, such as Podhale or the Sudety Mountains, the water is usually soft.

The water hardness map in Poland is crucial for the correct selection of a water softener. In regions with high water hardness, water softeners are essential to protect water and sanitation systems.

However, water softeners are not needed in every home. Therefore, before you decide to buy, check the water hardness map in Poland to see if the water in your region is hard enough to require softening.

Water hardness in Poland varies from region to region. Thanks to the map of water hardness in Poland, we can see in which areas water softeners are necessary and in which they are not. Remember that proper water softening is crucial to protect your appliances and improve your living comfort.

Hard water is a lot of trouble

Wykres jak twarda woda wpływa na straty energii

Hard water reduces the efficiency of heating devices

Scale is a serious problem that affects the energy efficiency of central heating systems. Its formation is due to the hardness of the water, which leads to the deposition of minerals such as limestone inside pipes, radiators and boilers. As mentioned, scale is up to 20 times a poorer conductor of heat than steel, which makes thermal barriers impede heat exchange and force the system to work with higher energy consumption.

Even a thin layer of 3 mm thick deposits can lead to energy losses of up to 30%, which translates into increased heating bills and a greater burden on the environment. Long-term operation of boiler scale can lead to premature wear of the components of the heating system, as well as contribute to their failure.

Wykres jak twarda woda wpływa na straty energii

Hard water reduces the efficiency of cleaning agents

Hard water, due to its high concentration of minerals such as calcium and magnesium, can affect the effectiveness of soap and other cleaning products. In the case of soap, calcium and magnesium ions react with fatty acids to form sparingly soluble salts that reduce the soap's ability to lather and effectively clean. As a result, it is necessary to use larger amounts of soap to achieve the desired effect.

Synthetic soaps, liquid soaps and washing gels, on the other hand, are designed to cope with the presence of salt in hard water. They contain synthetic surfactants, such as sodium lauryl sulfate, which do not form deposits when reacting with hard water ions. Thanks to this, synthetic cleaning agents allow for effective cleaning even in the presence of hard water, without requiring much larger amounts of agents.

Sucha skóra

Hard water dries the skin

Washing in hard water can have a negative impact on the health and appearance of our skin, especially in people with oily and acne-prone skin. The presence of magnesium and calcium salts in hard water makes it difficult to effectively clean the skin and can lead to irritation.

When washing in hard water, minerals form insoluble deposits on the skin that can clog pores and promote blemishes. Hard water also tends to disrupt the skin's natural lipid barrier, causing dryness and loss of elasticity. Dry skin, in turn, can react with increased sebum production, which leads to the deterioration of oily and acne skin. For people with sensitive skin, hard water can additionally cause irritation and redness, as well as contribute to the aggravation of the symptoms of diseases such as atopic dermatitis or rosacea.

Zniszczone włosy

Hard water damages hair

Washing hair in hard water can lead to unpleasant and unfavorable changes in their appearance and condition. The presence of magnesium and calcium salts makes it difficult to produce foam and effectively clean the hair, resulting in dull, rough and difficult to style strands. Hard water can also disturb the natural balance of the scalp, leading to irritation, itching and inflammation.

Inflammation of the scalp, in turn, can lead to hair loss, usually the so-called. diffuse hair loss, i.e. even - covering the entire head. Diffuse hair loss is a phenomenon that can not only affect your appearance, but also lower your self-confidence and self-esteem. To minimize the negative effects of washing your hair in hard water, you should consider making a few changes to your hair care routine.

Naprawa bojlera

The sediment that precipitates when water is heated destroys boilers

The scale that accumulates on the heating elements and inside the boiler makes it difficult for the thermostat to work properly, which results in incorrect operation of the device. Due to the weakened thermal conductivity of the stone, the boiler must run more often and for longer to maintain the desired water temperature, which leads to higher energy consumption and increased running costs.

In addition, a calcified boiler is able to store less water, which can lead to insufficient hot water supply in the household. As a result, users may experience interruptions in the supply of hot water or are forced to save on its consumption. In the case of central heating systems, sudden scale chips can lead to serious failures. Scale that falls off the heating elements and travels through the system can cause the water to overheat and even clog the pipes.

Zepsuta pralka

The sediment that precipitates when water is heated destroys washing machines

Rough mineral deposits caused by hard water can lead to premature failure and shorten the life of household appliances such as washing machines and dishwashers. Minerals such as calcium and magnesium build up on heating elements, pumps and nozzles, causing wear and reducing equipment performance. In the long term, this effect of hard water can lead to frequent repairs or even replacement of appliances.

In addition, hard water reduces the effectiveness of detergents and rinse aids, making it necessary to use more detergent to achieve satisfactory cleaning results. As a result, users are forced to spend more money on cleaning products, and they are also exposed to higher energy consumption as devices run longer to deal with mineral deposits.

Strata ciepła

Limescale causes heat energy losses

Limescale leads to significant losses of thermal energy in heating systems, which negatively affects energy efficiency and operating costs. Hard water causes scale to form on heating elements such as radiators, pipes and stoves. Limescale is about 20 times a poorer conductor of heat than steel, which means more energy is needed to heat the same amount of water.

Local underheating or overheating, resulting from uneven heat conduction through the scale, may lead to failure of the heating system. Underheated areas of the heating system can cause discomfort in rooms and even increase the risk of mold and moisture growth. In turn, overheated areas can cause damage to pipes, valves and even entire heating devices, which can lead to costly repairs and replacements.

Skorodowane rury

Boiler scale is deposited in the pipes of the water system

The binding of calcium and magnesium ions, contained in hard water, leads to the formation of scale, which in the long term can cause a number of problems related to water systems. As scale builds up, the diameter of the pipes decreases, leading to a decrease in water flow capacity. In extreme cases, a complete blockage of the flow may occur, which requires immediate intervention and costly repair.

Another risk associated with scale deposits is creating ideal conditions for the development of various bacteria, including Legionella. These bacteria can thrive in the nooks and crannies of the stone, where they have access to moisture and food. Water contaminated with bacteria can lead to a number of health problems, including legionellosis - a dangerous respiratory disease.

See what soft water gives you

Mycie kabiny prysznicowej

Forget about scrubbing the shower

Using soft water eliminates the problem of water stains, stains, mineral deposits or soap residue, which makes it easier to keep rooms such as the bathroom clean. The use of soft water makes the white coating on the glass in the shower cabin rare, which translates into less need to clean them. As a result, you save time and effort that previously had to be spent on removing deposits and stains.

Using soft water also means you don't have to invest in a variety of chemicals that were previously necessary to remove hard-to-remove stains or deposits. Therefore, soft water saves money that can be used for other purposes, and also helps to reduce the use of chemicals, which has a positive impact on the environment.

Sprzątanie łazienki

Forget about scrubbing sink faucets

Limescale can settle on the surface of fittings, such as faucets, faucets or showers, causing unsightly stains and stains. However, the negative effects of hard water are more complex than what can be observed with the naked eye.

In washbasin, bathtub or shower faucets, aerators with metal strainers are often used, which are designed to reduce water consumption by introducing air into the water stream. Unfortunately, hard water can cause scale to build up on aerator strainers, which leads to a gradual reduction in water flow. As a result, the efficiency of the fittings and the comfort of using it decrease.

Smaczna herbata

Forget limescale and deposits in coffee and tea

Water containing high concentrations of calcium and magnesium ions interacts with various food ingredients, creating undesirable chemical reactions that affect the final culinary result. When hard water is used to brew tea, calcium ions interact with the polyphenols in the tea leaves to form characteristic deposits. As a result, an oily coating appears on the surface of the drink, which spoils its aesthetic value and negatively affects the taste and aroma intensity.

Similar effects can also be seen in the preparation of coffee, where hard water can reduce the extraction of flavor from the beans, as well as lead to limescale in coffee machines. Hard water can also affect the taste and texture of cooked food, as the minerals in the water can react with various food ingredients, changing their texture and organoleptic properties.

Kawa z ekspresu

Rediscover your taste for hot drinks

The mineral salts present in hard water leach into the beverage, introducing undesirable bitter notes that prevent you from fully appreciating the subtle flavors and aromas of different types and blends of coffee. Soft water, devoid of high concentrations of hard mineral salts, allows for better extraction of flavors and aromas from coffee beans, which makes the drink more intense and rich in taste. In addition, soft water affects the consistency of coffee, allowing for a delicate and fluffy foam that adds a unique character and charm to the drink.

Using soft water for brewing coffee avoids the presence of scale particles and unsightly deposits that can form under the influence of water hardness. This not only improves the appearance of the drink, but also makes it more pleasant to the palate.

Ekspres do kawy

Take care of household appliances

Hard water contributes to the rapid formation of scale in household appliances, such as washing machines, dishwashers, kettles and coffee machines. Scaling can lead to blockages, overheating and damage to the heating elements, resulting in a shorter life of these devices. The higher the degree of water hardness, the greater the risk of scale problems and the shorter the life of household appliances. Therefore, the use of soft water, i.e. water with a low content of calcium and magnesium ions, is definitely beneficial for household appliances.

The use of soft water contributes to better operation of equipment, extending its life and reducing the risk of failure. In addition, soft water makes detergents more effective, allowing you to use less detergent, which translates into financial savings and a lower environmental impact.

Czyste naczynia

Get rid of stains on dishes without using dishwasher tablets

Using soft water in dishwashers brings a number of benefits, including the elimination of the need for salt and extra rinse aid for dishes. Water deprived of high concentrations of calcium and magnesium ions does not cause the precipitation of scale, which is the main culprit of streaks and stains on dishes. Hard water has a negative effect on the appearance and quality of the washed dishes, causing the formation of dull glasses and deposits on plates, cutlery and other elements of tableware. Soft water eliminates these problems, ensuring clean, shiny and aesthetic appearance of dishes after each washing cycle.

Thanks to soft water, you not only save on the purchase of dishwasher salt and rinse aid, but also gain greater dishwasher efficiency. Soft water allows detergents to work better, meaning you can use less detergent, saving money and helping the environment.

Mycie twarzy

Soft water supports skin regeneration

Washing in hard water can have negative consequences for the skin, because it violates its water-lipid barrier. Hard water, rich in calcium and magnesium ions, disturbs the balance of the skin, which leads to dryness, roughness and irritation. People with sensitive or allergy-prone skin may be particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of hard water on the skin.

Soft water, with a reduced content of calcium and magnesium ions, helps to rebuild the natural protective layer of the skin. Maintaining the proper functioning of the water-lipid barrier is crucial for the health and elasticity of the skin. Soft water allows you to maintain proper hydration, minimizing the risk of irritation and the feeling of tightness after washing.

Mycie głowy

Soft water adds volume to the hair

Soft water has a beneficial effect on the condition of the hair, making it regain its natural shine, volume and smoothness. Hard water tends to rinse hair poorly, which can lead to detergent residue being retained. As a result, despite the use of conditioners and masks, hair washed in hard water may seem dull, rough and stiff. They can also be difficult to comb and style, which can further weaken the hair and lead to breakage or loss.

Thanks to the soft water, the hair is rinsed more thoroughly, which allows the residues of shampoos and other products to be removed, leaving the hair clean. In addition, soft water supports the absorption of nutrients contained in cosmetics.

Relaks w wannie

Rest instead of cleaning the bathroom

Cleaning up stains and deposits in the bathroom can be tiring and time-consuming. Fighting these dirt can become a daily, Sisyphean job. It is therefore worth striving for soft water that will reduce these inconveniences and devote free time to rest. Soft water not only makes it easier to keep the bathroom clean, but also allows you to truly relax while taking a shower. Thanks to it, the skin becomes more elastic, soft and nourished. Forget about the feeling of tightness, irritation or dryness that can be the result of using hard water.

A bath in soft water allows you to fully relax, giving you a sense of relaxation and comfort. It is a perfect way to regenerate after a hard day, while gently cleansing the skin. Caring for the skin becomes easier when, instead of fighting deposits and stains, we can enjoy soft, moisturized and nourished skin.

Miękkie pranie

Feel the delicacy of the fabric straight from the wash

Clothes after washing in hard water often look wrinkled, rough and unpleasant to the touch. This is due to the fact that hard water contains large amounts of salts that react with washing agents to form sparingly soluble compounds. Unfortunately, these compounds do not have the ability to remove dirt, which results not only in the waste of detergents, but also in the deterioration of washing results.

As a result, clothes can look unwashed, and in addition, hard water can negatively affect their life and colors. Fabric fibers become rough under the influence of hard water, which makes the material less flexible and more susceptible to damage. In the case of washing in soft water, detergents work much more effectively, which allows for better cleaning results and extends the life of clothes. Clothes washed in soft water are soft, smooth and pleasant to the touch, and retain their original colors for a longer time.

Oszczędzanie ciepła

Save on heating

Heating costs constitute a significant part of the expenses related to the maintenance of a single-family house. Improving the efficiency of heating boilers by softening the water can bring savings of up to 30% per year, which is a significant impact on the household budget. Hard water contains large amounts of calcium and magnesium salts, which deposit on the heating elements, forming scale. This stone leads to a decrease in thermal conductivity and energy loss during the heating process.

The use of water softeners, whether at the design stage of the heating system or later as part of an upgrade, can help avoid this problem. Thanks to this, thermal energy will be used more efficiently, which will contribute to savings both in terms of fuel consumption and the frequency of necessary repairs and maintenance of heating systems.

Oszczędzanie pieniędzy

Spend less on detergents and cosmetics

There are numerous financial benefits to using soft water. One of the main aspects are the savings resulting from the reduction of the consumption of washing, washing and cleaning agents by up to 60%. Thanks to this, you not only reduce the cost of purchasing these products, but also contribute to environmental protection by limiting the amount of chemicals introduced into the sewage system.

Financial savings can also be seen on heating bills, which can be reduced by up to 30%. Soft water avoids the formation of scale, which deposits on the heating elements, increasing energy consumption.

Soft water extends the life of heating devices and household appliances that are sensitive to calcium and magnesium deposits. Protecting these devices from limescale translates into fewer breakdowns, lower repair costs and longer equipment life.

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